Eurodefense Network

Eurodefense Network

Observatory of the Mediterranean Basin: Report to the Lisbon President’s Council

Since the last EURODEFENSE President’s Council, the situation in the Mediterranean Basin has not improved neither politically nor economically. The COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated the difficulties that the people in the region are facing. The EU continues to pay great attention to the region, but its political influence remains limited, even though it continues to allocate substantial resources to cooperation with its southern neighbors. The situation in Libya seems to be more stable, thanks to the efforts of the UNSG Special Envoy, on the way forward to national elections in December 2021. But the Israeli-Palestinian conflict entered in a new phase of confrontation last May, with Hamas attacking Israel with rockets and the Israelis launching bombardments over Gaza.

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Below the Surface

Russia and China are currently the most visible actors in the Arctic. Russia is the Arctic state with the most resources and a transit route but faces major domestic and regional challenges. On the other hand, China positions itself as a “near-Arctic state” with rights anchored not in international law but in a comprehensive national strategy that combines the economy, administration, para-military and military means in an impressive manner. The recent threat assessments of both the United States and NATO have paved the way for closer cooperation between the two countries in general and in the Arctic region in particular.


Space in the EU

Mediterranean Basin and the EU

Cyber in the UE

European Defence Technological and Industrial Base

Russia and the EU

Migrations in the UE

The Arctic region and the EU

The EU and China/Indo-Pacific regions

Counter-terrorism in the EU


Climate change, energy, security, and defence in the EU

Recommendations on EU defence

Hybrid warfare

SMEs in the European defence industry

For a new approach to the commissioning of equipment within the EU framework