Since the last EURODEFENSE President’s Council, the situation in the Mediterranean Basin has not improved neither politically nor economically. The COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated the difficulties that the people in the region are facing. The EU continues to pay great attention to the region, but its political influence remains limited, even though it continues to allocate substantial resources to cooperation with its southern neighbors. The situation in Libya seems to be more stable, thanks to the efforts of the UNSG Special Envoy, on the way forward to national elections in December 2021. But the Israeli-Palestinian conflict entered in a new phase of confrontation last May, with Hamas attacking Israel with rockets and the Israelis launching bombardments over Gaza.
Four years after the rebels and NATO air campaign overthrew Kaddafi, the cohesive political entity known as Libya does not exist as such anymore. The Central government is only a name and tribal and different religious factions are struggling for the power and above all to own and manage the country’s oil wealth.