[IN FRENCH] Since the annexation of Ukraine in 2014, initiatives favouring EU defence have multiplied to the point that, according to some observers, this defence has made more progress in six years than in fifty. It remains to be seen. For the moment, these initiatives seem to lack coherence, and if the acronyms have multiplied, the capabilities have remained unchanged. This is why a first assessment is necessary to identify the obstacles which stand in the way of an EU defence and how to get around them.
The European Commission has opened the possibility for interested parties to provide comments and feedback regarding the proposed Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council introducing a screening of third country nationals at the EU’s external borders (COM (2020) 612 final 2020/0278). EURODEFENSE-ESPAÑA would like to avail itself of this possibility to make the following comments:
On 23 September 2020, the European Commission proposed a so-called “New Pact on Migration and Asylum” -document COM (2020) 609 final-. In August 2020, EURODEFENSE-ESPAÑA presented to the Commission a paper on The New Pact, responding to the opportunity offered for interested parties to contribute to this debate. This paper was later distributed within the EURODEFENSE network.
[IN FRENCH] The idea of European defence and the debate that accompanies it emerged after World War II. As early as 1948, the Brussels Treaty created a Western European Union (WEU), bringing together the United Kingdom, France and the Benelux to promote cooperation between these five countries in a Cold War context.
Recent unexpectedly rapid melting of Arctic Ocean sea ice has captured the public imagination and created the impression of a „Race for the Arctic“. Beneath the heightened political rhetoric, national posturing and media hype about unresolved territorial claims, huge hydrocarbon resources and disappearing polar bears lies a complex and dynamic picture of disputed science, with inadequate data and unreliable predictions and increasing volatility in the energy market that is not
conducive to long term investment.
Illegal immigration is probably one of the main security challenges Europe is facing. Never in recent history have so many people wanted to settle in Europe, either because they are threatened in their home countries and they seek asylum, or simply for economic reasons, as they want to enjoy a better life. But can one really talk about a European migration policy?