European Union
European Union

Grand-Père, c’est quoi l’Europe ?

Au-delà de l’interrogation de ses petits-enfants Jacques Favin Lévêque répond aux jeunes et aux moins jeunes. Il évoque les multiples défis du 21ème siècle et leur délivre un message de confiance et d’espoir pour parachever la construction européenne. Du même auteur : « Construire l’avenir avec sagesse » édité par la Société des écrivains.

A renewed Ostpolitik? Visions from Germany and France

[IN FRENCH] Do we need an Ostpolitik (an Eastern policy) again? In Germany, some favour it, such as a former political leader from the SPD, Matthias Platzeck, in a book published in 2020. However, many criticise the French President’s call for strategic dialogue with Russia. The debate is open. The University of Bonn and the Institut français organised a round table on this topic in November 2020: “Do we need an Ostpolitik 2.0? Visions from Germany and France.” It is interesting to consider these two visions.

EU defence: Finally a reality?

[IN FRENCH] Since the annexation of Ukraine in 2014, initiatives favouring EU defence have multiplied to the point that, according to some observers, this defence has made more progress in six years than in fifty. It remains to be seen. For the moment, these initiatives seem to lack coherence, and if the acronyms have multiplied, the capabilities have remained unchanged. This is why a first assessment is necessary to identify the obstacles which stand in the way of an EU defence and how to get around them.

Turkey and the EU: A difficult but critical relationship

On April 7, 2021, the European Union and Turkey held a meeting in Ankara at the highest level. The Turkish side was headed by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and the EU by the President of the European Council, Charles Michel and the President of the Commission, Ursula Von der Leyen. At the end of the meeting at the Presidential Palace, the leaders moved to a living room where Erdoğan and Michel sat in two chairs flanked by the Turkish and EU flags, while Von der Leyen was left standing. After some hesitation, she sat on a side sofa, just like the Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Çavusoglu, who took seat on a sofa on the opposite side. According to the chief of Protocol of Mr. Michel, Dominique Marro, it was thanks to Michel’s intervention that Von der Leyen was not seated on a side chair during the luncheon and was not excluded from the official photo of the meeting.

Mediterranean Observatory – An overview of the present situation in the Mediterranean region

The Euromediterranean Conference held in Barcelona on 27/28 November 1995 adopted the so-called “Barcelona Declaration”. It was approved by the then 17 EU Member States (MS) and its 10 Mediterranean partners, including Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The Declaration was a landmark in the EU’s policy vis-á.-vis its Southern neighbors, encompassing wide economic, cultural, political and human cooperation.

Challenges in the Sahel: Opportunities for Europe

The Sahel (in Arabic literally means “shore, coast”) the semi-arid African region that encompasses the southern transitional strip – between the Sahara and the arable areas – runs from the western coasts in Mauritania to the coasts of the Red Sea in Sudan. It is dotted with many threats and risks, not only to the people living in these vast lands, but also to the neighbouring countries, the stability in the Mediterranean and ultimately to Europe.

Webinar on the EU’s new pact on migration and asylum

The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) organized on February 5, 2021, a webinar under the title “A way forward on migration under the Portuguese Presidency of the European Union?” The MPI is an independent think-tank dealing with migration issues, based in Washington DC (USA). The webinar was presented by Demetrios G. Papademetriou, Distinguished Transatlantic Fellow and President Emeritus, MPI.

Comments on the proposal to introduce a screening of third country nationals at the external borders

The European Commission has opened the possibility for interested parties to provide comments and feedback regarding the proposed Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council introducing a screening of third country nationals at the EU’s external borders (COM (2020) 612 final 2020/0278). EURODEFENSE-ESPAÑA would like to avail itself of this possibility to make the following comments: