.Beyond the first impression of marketing catch-all (or buzz word), the concept of Zero trust is, on the contrary, a notion of computer security that goes far beyond what current architectures based on the centralized web can provide. This concept consists in defying all intermediaries: Cloud providers, network or internet infrastructure providers, “honest but curious” system administrators, extra-territorial laws and, on the contrary, in entrusting the end-user with the responsibility of his security on his perimeter of responsibility, notably that of data, on a hardware, human and software level.
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The issue of European sovereignty has been highlighted by Russian aggression in Ukraine. Beyond the necessary debates, the EU was able to react in a coordinated manner by six sets of sanctions against Russia, signs of its economic power.
It was united in welcoming refugees. It broke a taboo by financing arms deliveries with money from the common budget.
The effort was increased from €0.5bn to €2bn, including the supply of heavy weapons to Ukraine.
However, the United States forms the heart of the military reaction.
NATO appears to most Europeans as this “life insurance”, evoked in 2019 by Heiko Maas, the then German Foreign Minister. Finland and Sweden, so long attached to their status of neutrality, want to join it.
The question of European sovereignty, which is not limited to defence, remains open. It is true that in the face of continental states that are asserting themselves on the planet, Europeans will not weigh in isolation, but will only be sovereign in union. This reality is likely to support them on their path to sovereignty.
In his 2017 Sorbonne speech, President Macron has pleaded “for a sovereign, united, democratic Europe.” Four years have passed and France has chaired the Council of the European Union (EU) in the first half of 2022. On this occasion, the French presidency aimed at advancing on the EU’s sovereignty. From the state of play, it emerges that, while the EU brings together elements of internal sovereignty, the Member States remain sovereign, and that, while the EU is a recognised actor in international relations, it does not have the sovereignty which must rely on power.
Since 2017, crises, especially the pandemic, have marked the world. The European Union has been able to overcome these crises by adding elements to its sovereignty, whether it be its budgetary capacity, the consolidation of the euro, the search for a greater industrial autonomy, the affirmation of its commercial interests, progress, albeit still insufficient, in the field of defence, and even in the judicial field, despite the crisis opened by Poland. However, the situation has not fundamentally changed and the question of Europe’s sovereignty remains open, either internally or in the face of the continental states that are imposing themselves on the international scene.
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In November 2015 the EuroDéfense network and EDTA signed a partnership agreement. The complementary goals and interests of EuroDéfense and EDTA led to a logical relationship where information exchange and mutual support may help both associations in their endeavours.
This article is a transcript of the hearing of Timothée Rebours, co-founder of SEALD, editor of the eponymous software, and Thierry Leblond, co-founder of SCILLE, editor of the PARSEC software, two “zero trust” cybersecurity softwares, using end-to-end encryption of sensitive data on the Cloud.
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